Interact Law | A general guide to GDPR and its impact within and outside the EU

Interact Law | A general guide to GDPR and its impact within and outside the EU

Interact Law | A general guide to GDPR and its impact within and outside the EU 800 533 Carmen Tang
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The introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation in 2018 marked a significant milestone in the evolution of data protection law. In overhauling the 1995 Data Protection Directive, the GDPR made far reaching changes which increased the compliance burden on organisations and strengthened the rights of individuals.

The effects of the GDPR have been felt far beyond the European Union and the European Economic Area. Not only has the GDPR served to “raise the bar” for privacy legislation globally but its extra-territorial reach has meant that organisations outside the EU/EEA cannot afford to ignore its requirements. This is all the more so when the consequences of non-compliance can result in significant fines, compensation claims by individuals and material damage to an organisation’s reputation.

This guide provides an introduction to the GDPR and general information on complimentary national laws which have been adopted by many EU Member States. It goes on to consider significant cases that have come before EU national courts and fines which have been imposed by EU national data protection regulators. Needless to say, the approaches adopted can differ markedly from one Member State to another and important lessons have been learned along the way. This guide goes on to highlight data privacy laws that have been adopted in a number of other jurisdictions, including the UK, the US, China and India. Brexit has, of course, added a layer of complexity with the UK having adopted its own, essentially similar, “UK GDPR”. Many other jurisdictions have been heavily influenced by the GDPR when implementing new, or updating existing, data privacy laws. In a world where international transfers of data take on ever greater significance, the extent to which other countries’ data protection laws provide for comparable safeguards to the GDPR cannot not be overlooked.


To download the booklet, please click on the button below or visit Interact Law website. For the section related to Mainland China and Hong Kong by our Carmen Tang , you can check the brochure at pages 22, 23 and 24.

More about Interact Law

Interact Law started its journey back in the early 90’s in Europe and has since grown and developed into an internationally independent network of legal firms.

We choose quality over quantity; aiming to have one firm per jurisdiction ensures that only law firms with extensive experience and expertise are selected to be part of the network.  As trusted colleagues who have collaboratively built the quality requirements of our affiliation, our clients benefit from knowing they will receive the same high level of service, professionalism, responsiveness and commitment across our network.

The specialist firms that make up and form Interact Law all share the same aims and goals; to provide the very best service to their clients. Through recommending expert lawyers with strong international connections, firms are able to provide an array of services that one firm alone may not have the capacity to do.

Carmen Tang

Carmen is a commercial litigator primarily in relation to disputes relating to financial services, shareholders’ disputes and contractual disputes. In 2010, she accepted the appointment by the Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data, Hong Kong as Legal Counsel.

All articles by : Carmen Tang
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